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The Caves of Castellon

The Caves of Castellon

Jan 30, 2012

The Coves de Sant Josep is the longest underground river and cave system in Europe. Found in the Sierra de Espadan Natural Park in Castellon, the Coves de Sant Josep is visited by more than 14,000 people ever year.

This vacation destination in Spain was not always so popular or accessible for tourists. In the early 1900s, people began to explore the caves. Some groups even competed to see who go the farthest into the Coves de Sant Josep. A few people died in these attempts; mostly while trying to pass the Boca del Forn.

In 1936, electric lighting was installed in the caves and they became safer and more convenient to explore. The Boca del Forn was widened and in the 1950s, boats began to pass through it. Over the next few decades, more areas of the caves were widened; allowing visitors to pass through and explore further. Some specialists began to make maps of the extensive cave system.

Even though the caves did not become a popular tourist attraction until the 20th century, human traffic in the caves dates back 17,000 years. The walls of the Coves de Sant Josep are covered with wall paintings dating back thousands of years. Remains of an Iberian settlement nearby indicate that these people knew about and explored the caves. There is even evidence to suggest that the Romans knew about the underground river.

Tourists who visit the caves today make most of the 800 meter trip by boat. As they float down the river, electricity lights up the way and display the man-made and time-made wonders of the Coves de Sant Josep.

Expansion and further exploration is still being done in the caves. In the future, more galleries and waterways will become accessible. In the meantime, tourists who visit the Sierra de Espadan Natural Park will experience a small, but staggering glimpse of the wonder that is the Coves de Sant Josep.


  1. Asami, this is a great service they offer buaecse I’m sure that they are aware that customers won’t by olive oil if there is danger having it all over the lagguage when shipping it home. Because of the liquid restrictions you would have to store it in the suitcase instead of taking it along in the hand lagguage where it would be more protected.Perhaps this is something the airports should think about, if you have already dropped your baggage and than you go to the market and would like to buy some stuff you would need a kind of seal as handled with duty free to be able to bring it on-board. Otherwise even a well secured bottle would be confiscated at customs By the way could train stations or perhaps huge hotels couldn’t come up with a lagguage service so that you could check it in there so that one could travel to the airport with the light hand lagguage only and wouldn’t be bothered with heavy suitcases? Moreover the transportation system would be relieved from people blocking the ways due to huge lagguage and the check-in would be much faster at the airport itself.Of course the check-in would have to take place one day in advance.

  2. The Comunidad Valenciana is half way down the Spanish Mediterranean coastline and is one of the major tourist destinations in Spain, not just because of its Mediterranean climate and its coast which attracts millions of visitors each year, but also because of its diverse landscape – dense forests, white sandy beaches, sheer cliffs, arid wastelands. Food lovers will not be disappointed – the region has a very varied and fresh cuisine, which reflects the wealth of local, natural produce. It also has an excellent communications network; fast roads run along the coast, linking up with inland areas and the north of Spain; the A7 motorway joins the region with France and the NIII is a direct dual carriageway between Madrid and Valencia. It is also well served by trains and buses and has boats that go to the Baleares (Mallorca, Ibiza etc). There are international airports in Valencia and Alicante. The local people, renowned for their friendliness and creativity, give this region a welcoming and upbeat feel and make tourists feel very quickly at home.

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